You Song
Phone Number: +86 13776622660
Office Address: Chem-E404
Group Page:
Personal Profile

He received a bachelor's degree from Hebei Normal College in 1988; a master's degree in science from Northeast Normal University in 1991; and a Ph.D. degree in science from Nanjing University in the Xiaozeng You's group in 2000. He was on the faculty at Hebei North University. Then,he moved to School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, in 2005 and got an associate professor position. Now,he is a professor in Nanjing University since 2009.

Mainly engaged in the research of molecular magnets, including cyano-bridged three-dimensional magnets and single-molecule magnets, lanthanide- or cobalt-based single-ion magnets, and the magnetostructural correlation of these magnets. From the point of view of chemical synthesis, the physical properties of molecular magnets are studied. The research directions include: molecular spin frustration, quantum spin liquid, electronic spin qubit, quantum spin Hall effect, etc.

He has participated in national 973 project, national major R & D plan and other projects, and presided over multiple general projects of National Natural Science Foundation. At present, he has participated in and presided over the following projects:

National key R & D plan: 2017YFA0303203 “Quantum Decomposition and Quantum Information”; 2018YFA0306004 “Research on Molecular Magnetic Quantum Materials and Devices

National Natural Science Foundation of China: 21571097 “
Design and Synthesis of Molecule-based Magnets by Using Spin Frustration Structure or Destroying Spin Frustration”; 21973038 “Spin Quantumbits Based on Magnetic Complexes

Show All
Work Experience

1988.09-2003: Hebei North University (formerly Zhangjiakou Agricultural College), teacher, director of General Education Department, 1993.06-2002.12 lecturer;

State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, PhD candidate. Tutor: Academician You Xiao-Zeng. Research interests: Synthesis and research of magnetic materials containing cyano and oxime groups;

2000.11-2002.11: Hashimoto's Laboratory, Advanced Science and Technology Research Center, University of Tokyo, Kanagawa Institute of Optical Functional Conversion Material Design Office, STA-funded postdoctoral fellow (later JSPS postdoctoral fellow). Research interests: Synthesis of octacyanine magnetic materials and their photomagnetic properties;

2003.11-2005.10: State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, engaged in postdoctoral work;

2005.07-2005.09: employed as a visiting expert in magnetic research by Taiwan University and Academia Sinica (Taiwan);

2005.10-2009.11: Associate Professor, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University.

2009.12-present: Professor, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University.

Show All

Main research direction: molecule-based magnet and its magnetostructural correlation, including: molecule-based three-dimensional magnets, low-dimensional magnets (single-molecule magnets and single-chain magnets), spin frustration system

Derivative directions: quantum spin liquid, electron spin qubit, quantum spin Hall effect



  1. Jing Li, Silvia Gómez-Coca, Brian S. Dolinar, Li Yang, Fei Yu, Ming Kong, Yi-Quan Zhang,* You Song,* and Kim R. Dunbar*, “Hexagonal Bipyramidal Dy(III) Complexes as a Structural Archetype for Single-Molecule Magnets”, Inorg. Chem.2019, 58, 2610−2617.

  1. Jing Li, Ming Kong, Lei Yin, Jing Zhang, Fei Yu, Zhong-Wen Ouyang, Zhenxing Wang*, Yi-Quan Zhang*, You Song*, “Photochemically Tuned Magnetic Properties in an Erbium(III)-Based Easy-Plane Single-Molecule Magnet”, Inorg. Chem.2019, 58, 14440−14448.

  2. Jing Zhang, Jing Li, Xin Feng, Ming Kong, Zhao-Bo Hu, You-Xuan Zheng* and You Song*, “Light-controlled efficient photoluminescence based on an europium b-diketonate complex with single-crystal-to-single-crystal [2+2] cycloaddition”, Chem. Commun. 2019, 55, 12873-12876.

  1. Chao Chen, Zhaobo Hu, Jing Li, Huapeng Ruan, Yue Zhao, Gengwen Tan,* You Song,* and Xinping Wang*, “Isolable Lanthanide Metal Complexes of a Phosphorus-Centered Radical”, Inorg. Chem.2019, 58, DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01950

  2. Jia-Peng Cao, Yun-Shan Xue, Zhao-Bo Hu, Xi-Ming Luo, Chen-Hui Cui, You Song,* and Yan Xu*, “Exploring the Magnetic Interaction of Asymmetric Structures Based on Chiral VIII8 Clusters”, Inorg. Chem.2019, 58, 2645−2651.


  1. Jing Zhang, Jing Li, Li Yang, Chen Yuan, Yi-Quan Zhang,* You Song,* “Magnetic Anisotropy from Trigonal Prismatic to Trigonal Antiprismatic Co(II) Complexes: Experimental Observation and Theoretical Prediction”, Inorg. Chem.2018, 57, 3903−3912.

  1. Zhao-Bo Hu, Zhao-Yang Jing, Miao-Miao Li, Lei Yin, Yan-Dong Gao, Fei Yu, Tuo-Ping Hu,* Zhenxing Wang,* and You Song*, “Important Role of Intermolecular Interaction in Cobalt(II) Single-Ion Magnet from Single Slow Relaxation to Double Slow Relaxation”, Inorg. Chem. 2018, 57, 10761−107672.

  2. Xi-Ming Luo, Zhao-Bo Hu, Qing-fang Lin, Weiwei Cheng, Jia-Peng Cao, Chen-Hui Cui, Hua Mei, You Song,* and Yan Xu*, “Exploring the Performance Improvement of Magnetocaloric Effect Based Gd-Exclusive Cluster Gd60”, J. Am. Chem. Soc.2018, 140, 11219−11222.


  1. Jing Li, Rong-Min Wei, Tian-Cheng Pu, Fan Cao, Li Yang, Yuan Han, Yi-Quan Zhang,* Jing-Lin Zuo* and You Song*, “Tuning quantum tunnelling of magnetization through 3d–4f magnetic interactions: an alternative approach for manipulating single-molecule magnetism”, Inorg. Chem. Front.2017, 4, 114–122.

  2. Li Yang, Jing Li, Tian-Cheng Pu, Ming Kong and You Song*, “Metal-ion induced ferromagnetic polarization in a mixed-spin system”, Dalton Trans.2017, 46, 6670–6676.

  1. Jing Li, Chen Yuan, Li Yang, Ming Kong, Jing Zhang, Jing-Yuan Ge, Yi-Quan Zhang* and You Song*, “Magnetic Anisotropy along a Series of Lanthanide Polyoxometalates with Pentagonal Bipyramidal Symmetry”, Inorg. Chem.2017, 56, 7835−7841.

  2. Wenqing Wang,§ Jing Li,§ Lei Yin, Yue Zhao, Zhongwen Ouyang, Xinping Wang,* Zhenxing Wang,* You Song* and Philip P. Power*, “Half-Sandwich Metal Carbonyl Complexes as Precursors to Functional Materials: From a Near-Infrared-Absorbing Dye to a Single-Molecule Magnet”, J. Am. Chem. Soc.2017, 139, 12069−12075.

  3. Li Yang, Jing Li, Tian-Cheng Pu, Ming Kong, Jing Zhanga and You Song*, “Study of the relationship between magnetic field and dielectric properties in two ferromagnetic complexes”, RSC Adv. 2017, 7, 47913-47919.

  4. Gengwen Tan, Jing Li, Li Zhang, Chao Chen, Yue Zhao, Xinping Wang,* You Song,* Yi-Quan Zhang,* and Matthias Driess*, “The Charge Transfer Approach to HeavierMain-Group Element Radicals in Transition Metal Complexes”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 12741 –12745.


  1. Jing Li, Yuan Han, Fan Cao, Rong-Min Wei, Yi-Quan Zhang* and You Song*, “Two field-induced slow magnetic relaxation processes in a mononuclear Co(II) complex with a distorted octahedral geometry”, Dalton Trans.2016, 45, 9279–9284.

  2. Fan Cao, Rong-Min Wei, Jing Li, Li Yang, Yuan Han, You Song* and Jian-Min Dou*, “Ferromagnetic Polarization: The Quantum Picture of Switching On/Off Single-Molecule Magnetism”, Inorg. Chem.2016, 55, 5914−5923.

  1. Rong-Min Wei, Fan Cao, Jing Li, Li Yang, Yuan Han, Xiu-Ling Zhang, Zaichao Zhang*, Xin-Yi Wang* and You Song*, “Single-Chain Magnets Based on Octacyanotungstate with the Highest Energy Barriers for Cyanide Compounds”, Sci. Rep.2016, 6, 24372.

  2. Yuanting Su, Xingyong Wang, Lei Wang, Zaichao Zhang, Xinping Wang,* You Song* and Philip P. Power*, “Thermally controlling the singlet–triplet energy gap of a diradical in the solid state”, Chem. Sci.2016, 7, 6514–6518.

  3. Rong-Min Wei, Ming Kong, Fan Cao, Jing Li, Tian-Cheng Pu, Li Yang, Xiu-Ling Zhang* and You Song*, “Water induced spin-crossover behaviour and magneto-structural correlation in octacyanotungstate(IV)-based iron(II) complexes”, Dalton Trans.2016, 45, 18643–18652.


  1. Zaichao Zhang, Yong Liu, Rong-Min Wei, Zhen-Huan Sheng, Peng Wang and You Song*, “Electrochemical Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of [Cu9W6]: The Ultimate Member of the Quindecanuclear Octacyanometallate-Based Transition-Metal Cluster?”, Inorg. Chem.2015, 54, 11049−11051.


  1. Lei Chen, Jing Wang, Jin-Mei Wei, Wolfgang Wernsdorfer, Xue-Tai Chen,* Yi-Quan Zhang,* You Song* and Zi-Ling Xue, “Slow Magnetic Relaxation in a Mononuclear Eight-Coordinate Cobalt(II) Complex”, J. Am. Chem. Soc.2014, 136, 12213−12216.


  1. Xiao-Jiao Song, Mohd. Muddassir, Ying Chen, Hui-Sheng Wang, You Song*, Xiao-Zeng You, “Magnetic properties of two 2D complexes based on 1D chain containing [Fe(bpy)(CN)4]- unit”, Dalton Trans.2013, 42, 1116-1121.

  2. Xiao-Jiao Song, Zai-Chao Zhang, Yong-Lu Xu, Jun Wang, Hong-Bo ZhouYou Song*, “Assembling 1D magnetic chain based on octacyanotungstate(V) and [Cu2L2Ln] sub-building units (Ln = Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy)”, Dalton Trans.2013, 42, 9505-9512.

  3. Fan Cao, Suna Wang, Dacheng Li, Suyuan Zeng, Meiju Niu, You Song* and Jianmin Dou*, “Family of Mixed 3d−4f Dimeric 14-Metallacrown5 Compounds: Syntheses, Structures, and Magnetic Properties”, Inorg. Chem.2013, 52, 10747−10755.

  4. Xi-Yan Dong, Bo Li, Bin-Bin Ma, Shi-Jun Li, Ming-Ming Dong, Yan-Yan Zhu, Shuang-Quan Zang,* You Song,* Hong-Wei Hou, Thomas. C. W. Mak,* “Ferroelectric Switchable Behavior through Fast Reversible De/adsorption of Water Spirals in a Chiral 3D Metal−Organic Framework” J. Am. Chem. Soc.2013, 135, 10214−10217.

  5. Hai-Hong Wu, Shuang Yao, Zhi-Ming Zhang,* Yang-Guang Li, You Song,* Zhu-Jun Liu, Xin-Bao Han, En-Bo Wang*, “Heterometallic Appended {MMnIII4} Cubanes Encapsulated by Lacunary Polytungstate Ligands”, Dalton Trans.2013, 42, 342–346.


  1. Suna Wang, Lingqian Kong, Hua Yang, Zhoutong He, Zheng Jiang, Dacheng Li,* Suyuan Zeng, Meiju Niu, You Song,* and Jianmin Dou*, “A Novel 9-MC-3 and 15-MC-6 Onset Stacked Metallacrown Single-Molecule Magnet: Synthesis and Crystal Structure”, Inorg. Chem.2011, 50, 2705-2707.

  2. Hong-Bo Zhou, Hui-Sheng Wang, Ying Chen, Yong-Lu Xu, Xiao-Jiao Song, You Song,* Yi-Quan Zhang* and Xiao-Zeng You, “Synthesis, structure, magnetic properties and DFT calculations of two hydroxo-bridged complexes based on MnIII(Schiff-Bases)”, Dalton Trans.2011, 40, 5999-6006.


  1. Ying Wang, Xi-Li Li, Tian-Wei Wang, You Song,* and Xiao-Zeng You,* “Slow Relaxation Processes and Single-Ion Magnetic Behaviors in Dysprosium-Containing Complexes” Inorg. Chem.2010, 49,969-976.

  2. Jun Wang, Zai-Chao Zhang, Hui-Sheng Wang, Ling-Chen Kang, Hong-Bo Zhou, You Song,* and Xiao-Zeng You*, “Eicosanuclear Cluster [Cu13W7] of Octacyanotungstate-Copper Bimetallic Assembly: Synthesis, Structure and Magnetic Properties”, Inorg. Chem.2010, 49, 3101-3103.

  3. Tian-Wei Wang, Jun Wang, Shin-ichi Ohkoshi, You Song,* Xiao-Zeng You*, “Manganese(II)-Octacyanometallate(V) Bimetallic Ferrimagnets with Tc from 41 to 53 K Obtained in Acidic Media”, Inorg. Chem.2010, 49, 7756-7763.

  4. Yinfeng Han, Xiaoyan Li, Liqing Li, Chunlin Ma, Zhen Shen*, You Song*, Xiaozeng You*, “Structures and Properties of Porous Coordination Polymers Based on Lanthanide Carboxylate Building Units”, Inorg. Chem.2010, 49, 10781-10787.

  5. Dacheng Li, Huisheng Wang, Suna Wang, Yupeng Pan, Chengjuan Li, Jianmin Dou*, You Song*, “A Linear Tetranuclear Single-Molelcule Magnet of MnII2MnIII2 with the Anion of 2-(Hydroxymethyl)pyridine”, Inorg. Chem. 2010, 49, 3688–3690.

Before 2009

  1. Zhi Chen, Bin Zhao*, Peng Cheng, Xiao-Qing Zhao, Wei Shi, and You Song*, “A Purely Lanthanide-Based Complex Exhibiting Ferromagnetic Coupling and Slow Magnetic Relaxation Behavior”, Inorg. Chem.2009, 48(8), 3493-3495.

  2. Zhao-Xi Wang,Xi-Li Li,Bao-Lin Liu,Hiroko Tokoro,Peng Zhang,You Song*,Shin-ichi Ohkoshi, Kazuhito Hashimoto, Xiao-Zeng You, “3D coordination metal-organic frameworks of octacyanometalate bridging between Cu4 magnetic units”, Dalton Trans. 2008, 2103.

  3. Xi-Li Li, Kai Chen, Yu Liu, Zhao-Xi Wang, Tian-Wei Wang, Jing-Lin Zuo, Yi-Zhi Li, Yue Wang, Jin Song Zhu, Jun-Min Liu, You Song*, Xiao-Zeng You*, “Molecule-Based Ferroelectric Thin Films: Mononuclear Lanthanide Enantiomers Displaying Room-Temperature Ferroelectric and Dielectric Properties”, Angew. Chem.Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 6820-6823.

  1. Zhao-Xi Wang, Xiao-Fei Shen, Jun Wang, Peng Zhang, Yi-Zhi Li, Emmanuel N. Nfor, You Song,* Shin-ichi Ohkoshi, Kazuhito Hashimoto,* Xiao-Zeng You*, A Sodalite-like Metal-Organic Framework (MOF) Based on Octacyanomolybdate and Neodymium with Guest Methanol Molecules and Neodymium Octahydrate Ions”, Angew. Chem.Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 3287-3291.

  2. You Song,* Peng Zhang, Xiao-Ming Ren, Xiao-Fei Shen, Yi-Zhi Li, and Xiao-Zeng You,* “Octacyanometallate-Based Single-Molecule Magnets: CoII9MV6 (M = W, Mo)”, J. Am. Chem. Soc.2005, 127, 3708-3709.

  1. You Song, Shin-ichi Ohkoshi, Yoichi Arimoto, Hidetake Seino, Yasushi Mizobe, Kazuhito Hashimoto, “Synthesis, Crystal Structures, and Magnetic Properties of Two  Cyano-Bridged Tungstate(V) Manganese(II) Bimetallic Magnets”, Inorg. Chem.2003, 42, 1848-1856.

Course Name, Time and Place

The first semester of each academic year: “Molecular Magnetism”.Target audience: Master students.PhD students can be audited without credits;

Second semester: “Advanced Inorganic Chemistry”.Target audience: third-year college students.

Syllabus, Examination Requirements

   Advanced Inorganic Chemistry (II)


 Briefly introducing the important research topics and fields, new results, latest complexes and their interesting properties, and the related history in modern inorganic chemitry.

 Chapter III Spectrum, Magnetic Properties of the Complexes and the Ligand Field Theory (4 h)

 §3.1 Ligand field theory (1 h)

 1. Splitting of the orbital in ligand field

 2. The weak-field method and the strong-field method

 3. The ligand-field splitting energy and the electron pairing energy

 4. The ligand field stabilization energy (LSFE)

 5. Jahn-Teller effect

§3.2 d-d Spectra (1 h)

 1. Orgel and Tanabe-Suganodiagrams

 2. Splitting energy (Δ) Racah parameter (B)

§3.3 Charge transfer spectra (1h)

 §3.6 Magnetic properties of complexes (1h)

 1. The magnetic type of complexes

 2. Magnetic susceptibility and molecule magnetic moment

 3. The contribution of orbital moment

 4. Spin-orbital coupling

 5. Ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic coupling: introduction and examples

Chapter IVInorganic Reaction Mechanism (4h + 1h)

 §4.1 Fundamental concepts (1h)

 1. Substitution reaction types

 2. Rate law

 3. Transition state theory

 § 4.2 Substitution reactions of the complexes with octahedral configuration (1h)

 1. The substitution reactions of coordination water

 2. Hydrolysis reactions

 3. Isomerization and racemigation

 §4.3 Substitution reactions of the complexes with square configuration (1h)

 1. Substitution reaction mechanism

 2. The effect of the entering ligands and leaving ligands

 3. Trans effect

 §4.4 Electron transfer reactions (1h)

 1. Outer-sphere reaction: Franck-Condonprinciple

 2. Inner-sphere reaction: examples

 3. Marcus theory for electron transfer reactions

 4. Transfer reaction with two electrons

 5. Non-complementary reactions

 §4.6 Catalysis reactions (additional 1 h)

 1. Acid or base catalysis

 2. Metal ions catalysis

 Chapter V Organotransition metal complexes (6h)

 §5.1 Fundamental knowledge for organometallic chemistry (1h)

 1. Category of organometallc chemistry

 2. The difference between main groups and transition metal organometallics

 3. Ligands and calculating electron nomber

 4. The oxidation number of metal ions

§5.2 Transition metal carbonyl complexes (1h)

1. Summery

2. The eighteen electron rule

 3. Molecular orbitals and coordination types of CO

 4. Bonding properties and molecular orbitals approach of Cr(CO)6

 5. Molecular orbitals of Mn2(CO)10

 §5.3 Carbonyl-like organometallic complexes (1h)

 1. N2-containing complexes

 2. NO-containing complexes

 §5.4 Unsaturated chain hydrocarbons complexes (1h)

 1. The structure of unsaturated chain πhydrocarbons complexe

 2. Dewer-Chatt-Dancanson bonding model

 §5.5 Sandwich-like complexes (1h)

 1. Ferrocene

 2. Other metallocenes

 3. Dibenzene-chromium

 4. U(COT)2

 §5.6 Catalysis of organometallic complexes (1h)

 1. Typical reactions

 2. Some examples

 Midsemester (2h)

 Exercises lesson (1h): for clarifying the questions in exercises and midsemester

 Chapter VI Borane and analogs, and transition metal clusters (6h)

 §6.1 Borane and carborane (1h)

 1. The sort and structure of borane

 2. NMR of borane

 3. Carborane

 4. Electron configuration and molecular orbitals of borane

 §6.2 Polyhedral skeletal electron pair theory

 1. Wade rule

 §6.3 Transition metal carborane (1h)

 1. Synthesis

 2. Comparison with cyclopentadiene transition metal complexes

 3. New researches

 §6.4 Transition metal carbonyl clusters (1h)

 1. Summary

 2. The structure of transition metal carbonyl clusters

 3. Fluctuation of carbonyl

 4. Application of eighteen electron rule Wade rule

 5. Cluster valence molecular orbital

§6.5 Halogen transition metal clusters (1h)

 1. Dinuclear clusters

 2. Trinuclear clusters

 3. Octanuclear clusters

 §6.6 Reaction of metal clusters (1h)

 1. The reaction keeping the cluster skeleton

 2. The reaction changing the cluster skeleton

 3. The reaction with the change of cluster

 4. Oxidation and addition reaction of metal clusters

 §6.7 Catalysis of metal clusters (1h)

 1. Homogeneous catalysis

 2. Heterogeneous catalysis

 Chapter VII Inorganic Solid State Chemistry (5h)

 §7.1 The structure of inorganic solids (1h)

 1. Ionic solids

 2. Solids beyond simple ionic structure

 3. Covalent solids and mixed solids

 §7.2 Defects in solid state lattices and non-stoichiometric compounds (1h)

 1. Concepts

 2. Non-stoichiometric cuprate compounds and high-temperature oxide superconductor

 3. Magnetoresistance of perovskite-like manganate

 4. Inorganic solid luminescent material

 §.3 Inorganci solid electroytes (1h)

 1. AgI and Ag+ ionic conductors

 2. β-Al2O3

 3. Lanthanide-based solid electroytes

 4. ZrO2

 5. Exploration of new solid electroytes

 §7.4 Inclusion compounds (1h)

 1. Molecular inclusion compounds

 2. Intercalation compounds

 3. One-dimensional tube inclusion compounds

 4. Small molecule lattice inclusion compounds

 §7.5 Inorganic solid phase reaction (1h)

 1. Nature of solid phase reacions

 2. Low-temperature solid phase reactions

 3. Chemical transitional reactions

 Chapter VIII Bioinorganic Chemistry (5h)

 §8.1 Summary (1h)

 1. Essential elements and toxic elements

 2. Metalloenzyme and Metalloprotein

 3. Metal-based drug

 4. Lanthanide bioinorganic chemistry

 §8.2 Alkaline metal and alkaline earth metal bioinorganic chemistry

 1. Ionic pump and ionic carriers

 2. Chlorophyll and photosynthesis

 3. Calcium-binding protein

 §8.3 Natural oxygen carriers (1h)

 1. Hemoglobin and myoglobin

 2. Hemerythrin

 3. Hemocyanin

 §8.4 Electron transporting proteins (1h)

 1. Cytochrome

 2. Iron-sulfur proteins

 3. Plastocyanin-I copper protein

 §8.5 Iron-containing oxygenase

 1. Cytochrome P-450

 2. Methane mono oxygenase

 3. Dioxygenase

 §8.6 Zinc enzyme (1h)

 1. Carbonic anhydtase

 2. Carboxypeptidase

 3. Alkaline phosphatase

 4. Cu2Zn2-SOC

 §8.7 Nitrogenase

 §8.8 Coenzyme B12

 §8.9 Some Nobel prizes in bioinorganic chemistry


《高等无机化学》陈慧兰 主编

《高等无机化学》 钟淑琳 四川科技出版社

《现代配位化学》 徐志固 蔡启瑞


Inorganic Chemistry (third edition)

Principles of structure and reactivity   James E. Huheey

《纳米材料与纳米结构》   张立德

《中级无机化学》         项斯芬 等,2003



Teaching Resources