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    发布时间:2018-09-15 12:40:18    点击:943

学术报告


题  目:Studies of PCET in Natural and Artificial Photosynthesis
报告人:Prof. Victor S. Batista (Yale University, Department of Chemistry)
时  间:2018年9月18日(星期二)下午15:30
地  点:仙林化学楼H201报告厅

Abstract:
Proton coupled electron transfer (PCET) plays a fundamental role in the mechanism of water-splitting at the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII). We address the underlying reaction mechanism by structural studies of catalytic intermediates. Many physical techniques have provided important insights into the OEC structure and function, including X-ray diffraction (XRD) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy as well as mass spectrometry (MS), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy applied in conjunction with mutagenesis studies. However, experimental studies have yet to yield consensus as to the exact configuration of the catalytic metal cluster and its ligation scheme. Computational modeling studies, including density functional (DFT) theory combined with quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) hybrid methods for explicitly including the influence of the surrounding protein, have proposed chemically satisfactory models of the fully ligated OEC within PSII that are maximally consistent with experimental results. The inorganic core of these models is similar to the crystallographic model upon which they were based, but comprises important modifications due to structural refinement, hydration, and proteinaceous ligation which improve agreement with a wide range of experimental data. The computational models are useful for rationalizing spectroscopic and crystallographic results and for building a complete structure-based mechanism of water-splitting assisted by PCET as described by the intermediate oxidation states of oxomanganese complexes. This talk summarizes recent advances on studies of the OEC of PSII and biomimetic oxomanganese complexes for artificial photosynthesis.

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